مطالعه مقدماتی خوک وحشی (Sus scrofa) در جزیره مینو و پارک ها ی ملی گلستان و خبر با تاکید بر ویژگی های ریخت شناختی و ریخت سنجی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استاد گروه محیط زیست، دانشکده منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه صنعتی اصفهان

2 استاد گروه شیلات و محیط زیست دانشکده منابع و علوم زمین – دانشگاه شهر کرد

3 استادیار گروه محیط زیست، دانشکده منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه علوم و فنون دریایی خرمشهر

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر، برخی ویژگی‌های بوم‌شناختی، ریخت‌شناسی و ر‌یخت‌سنجی جمعیت‌های خوک وحشی (Sus scrofa) را در جزیره مینو و پارک‌های ملی خبر و گلستان مورد بررسی قرار داده است. 29 ویژگی ریخت‌سنجی ظاهری و جمجمه‌ای برای هر نمونه اندازه‌گیری شد. اختلاف‌های معنی‌دار میان جنس‌های مختلف در هر منطقه، بر اساس ویژگی‌های ریخت سنجی، با کمک آزمون T بررسی شد. برای بررسی وجود اختلاف‌های معنی‌دار میان جمعیت‌های مناطق مختلف تحلیل واریانس یک طرفه به کار گرفته شد. آزمون دانکن برای مقایسه میانگین‌های گروه‌ها بکار رفت و همچنین آزمون تحلیل ممیزی برای تفکیک جمعیت‌های مناطق مختلف استفاده شد. بر اساس یافته‌ها، در جزیره مینو از میان ویژگی‌های ظاهری مورد بررسی، اندازه‌های طول سر و بدن (HBL)، طول کل بدن (TL) و طول سر (HL) و از میان ویژگی‌های جمجمه‌ای نیز اندازه‌های طول آرواره پایین (JL)، طول درز آرواره پایین (SJL)، پهنای استخوان پس سری (OB)، مجموع طول استخوان پاریتال و پیشانی(LFP) و طول استخوان کامی (PL) در میان جنس‌های نر و ماده دارای اختلاف‌های معنی‌دار هستند (p

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

A preliminary study on morphology and morphometry of wild boar (Sus scrofa) populations in Khabr and Golestan National Parks and Minoo Island, Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Maryam Bordkhani 1
  • Mohammad Reza Ashrafzadeh 2
  • Hamid Goshtasb Meygoni 3

1 Professor, Department of Environment, Faculty of Natural Resources, Isfahan University of Technology

2 Professor, Department of Environment, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Tehran

3 Assistant Professor, Department of Environment, Faculty of Natural Resources

چکیده [English]

This study has considered morphologyand morphometry of wild boar (Sus scrofa) populations in Khabr and Golestan National Parks and Minoo Island, Iran. 29 body and cranial characters were measured. The normality of data was analyzed by Kolmogorov- Smironov test. Independent sample T-Test was used to test the statistical significance between different sexes in these regions. Significance of differences among of different populations was tested using one-way ANOVA followed by a Duncan test. Also, Discriminant Analysis was usedto classifying different populations. Results indicated that there are significant differences between male and female sexes in the Minoo Island (p

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