تحلیل ابردرخت ها (Supertrees) در خانواده مگس گیریان (Aves, Muscicapidae)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکترای بیوسیستماتیک جانوری، گروه زیست شناسی، دانشکده علوم پایه، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ایران

2 دانشیار گروه زیست شناسی، دانشکده علوم پایه، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ایران

چکیده

آرایه شناسان به منظور حل ابهامات آرایه شناختی در سطح فراگونه ای از روش ترسیم ابردرخت ها استفاده نموده تا با ادغام کردن درخت ها در مقیاسی بزرگ به بازسازی روابط تبارزادی بپردازند. در این مطالعه به منظور ادغام تمامی درخت های مولکولی موجود و ارائه روابط کامل تبارشناختی بین افراد خانواده مگس گیریان بر روی یک درخت واحد تبارشناختی، تمامی داده های موجود برای ژن های مختلف میتوکندریایی و هسته ای در بانک ژن و نمونه های تعیین توالی شده در آزمایشگاه مولکولی دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد استفاده گردید. در این مطالعه ترسیم ابردرخت براساس ماتریس پارسیمونی (MRP) و با استفاده از 15 درخت منبع برای 166 گونه پرنده از اعضای خانواده مگس گیریان صورت پذیرفت. در ابردرخت ترسیم شده، دو کلاد اصلی دیده می شود که در مجموع حدود 82% از گره های این ابردرخت دارای وضعیت حل شده هستند. باید توجه داشت که بیش از 80 درصد گره ها در این ابردرخت دارای وضعیت حل شده هستند و نحوه قرارگیری کلادهای اصلی مطابق با درخت های مولکولی مطالعات قبلی اعضای این خانواده در ژن های مختلف است. ابردرخت نهایی، نتیجه ای قطعی برای فرضیات روابط بین اعضای خانواده مگس گیریان نیست، ولی قادر است روابط بین گروه ها را بر اساس مطالعات قبلی مولکولی تائید کند. در واقع این روش در کنار مطالعات آرایه شناختی مقایسه ای با استفاده از داده های اولیه حاصل از آنالیزهای مولکولی و ریخت شناسی می تواند منتهی به ارائه مستدل و جامع ترین روابط آرایه شناختی گردد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Constructing supertrees: An exprimental estimation using the Flycatchers (Aves, Muscicapidae)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Leila Nourani 1
  • Mansour Aliabadian 2

1 Ph.D Student, Biosystematic Animal, Department of Biology, Faculty of Basic Sciences, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran

2 Associate Professor of Biology, Faculty of Basic Sciences, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran

چکیده [English]

In order to resolve ambiguities at interspecific levels, supertrees are used by taxonomist as a combining method in large scale to reconstruct the phylogenies. In this study we construscted a unique supertree comprising peresent molecular data of mitochondrial and nuclear sequences from Genbank and Ferdowsi university of Mashhad lab datasets. This study was executed on the Matrix Representation with Parsimony (MRP) with 15 recently published source trees for 166 bird species of Muscicapidae. The Muscicapidae supertree had two main clades and in total, about 82% of the nodes were resolved completely. Duo to relative resolve in supertree nodes and clades arrengment according to recent molecular results with different mitochondrial and nuclear genes, final supertree has not a certain result for Muscicapidae relationships it might confirm recent surveys. In fact, this method beside comparative taxonomy using primary data from molecular and morphological analysis, could lead to the most reasonable taxonomic relashionships among Flycatchers taxa.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Aves
  • Phylogeny
  • Supertrree
  • Taxonomy
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