مطالعه تنوع زیستی گونه های گیاهی آوندی در منطقه حفاظت شده بیدوئیه بردسیر کرمان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه زیست شناسی، دانشکده آزاد واحد علوم تحقیقات فارس، مرودشت، شیراز

2 گروه زیست شناسی، دانشکده علوم، دانشگاه شهرکرد، شهرکرد، ایران

3 گروه زیست شناسی، دانشگاه آزاد واحد شهربابک

چکیده

منطقه حفاظت شده بیدوئیه بردسیر با مساحت 155383 هکتار و حداکثر ارتفاع 2734 متر از سطح دریا، در 45 کیلومتری جنوب شرقی کرمان واقع شده است. بررسی فلور این منطقه نشان داد که 125 گونه گیاهی، 102 جنس و 32 تیره از گیاهان آوندی در این منطقه می رویند. مهم ترین تیره های گیاهی از نظر تعداد گونه در این منطقه عبارتند از: Chenopodiaceae، Brassicaceae و Asteraceae و مهم ترین جنس ها، Astragalus، Nepeta، Euphorbia، Tamarix و Salsola می باشند. بیشترین گونه های گیاهی این منطقه دارای شکل رویشی تروفیت (41 درصد) و همی کریپتوفیت (26 درصد) هستند و عناصر ایرانو-تورانی (75 درصد) بیشترین گونه های حاضر در پوشش گیاهی منطقه را تشکیل می دهند. تحلیل چند متغیره داده های فلوریستیک وجود سه خوشه از فلورهای محلی را نشان داد که در آن قرابت های فلوریستیک مناطق با فواصل جغرافیایی آنها مرتبط می باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Study of vascular plant species diversity in Bidouiyeh protected area in Bardsir, Kerman

نویسندگان [English]

  • Shirin Shakib 1
  • Majid Sharifi-Tehrani 2
  • Zahra Hasanabadi 3

1 Department of Biology, Azad University of Science and Research, Fars branch, Marvdasht, Shiraz

2 Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Shahrekord, Shahrekord, Iran

3 Department of Biology, Azad Univ, Shahrebabak branch

چکیده [English]

The Bidouiyeh protected area with 155383 ha and maximum altitude of 2734 meter above sea level, is located in 45 km SE Kerman. Floristic study of this region showed that 125 plant species, 102 genera and 32 families of vascular plants grow wild in this region. Most species-rich plant families are Chenopodiaceae, Brassicaceae and Asteraceae, and most species rich genera are Astragalus, Nepeta, Euphorbia, Tamarix and Salsola. Most of the species in this region are in form of therophytes (41%) and hemicryptophytes (26%), and most of the species (75%) belong to Irano-Turanian floristic region. Multivariate analysis of floristic data showed three major groups of local floras, in which the floristic affinities between regions showed affinities to geographic distances.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Bardsir
  • Biodiversity
  • Bidouiyeh
  • Flora
  • Kerman

 

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