ارزیابی خصوصیات بیوشیمیایی ارقام سیب بومی آذربایجان غربی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد بخش باغبانی، سازمان جهاد کشاورزی ،استان آذربایجان غربی

2 استادیار، بخش تحقیقات علوم زراعی و باغی مرکز تحقیقات و آموزش کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی ،استان آذربایجان غربی، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، ایران

چکیده

این تحقیق به منظور بررسی خصوصیات بیوشیمیایی هشت رقم سیب بومی رومینا، منوچهری، مشکی، ترش آلما، ساری آلما، خان آلماسی، کوزه ای و پاییزه محلی در شرایط اقلیمی آذربایجان غربی انجام شد.آزمایش درایستگاه تحقیقات باغبانی کهریز واقع در 45 کیلو متری شمال شهرستان  ارومیه در قالب طرح بلوک های کامل تصادفی در 3 تکرار به اجرا درآمد.  نتایج حاصل از تجزیه واریانس داده ها نشان داد که  تفاوت ارقام از لحاظ صفات مورد مطالعه از لحاظ آماری معنی دار بود. تاثیر رقم بر صفات میزان کلسیم و پتاسیم، اسید اسکوربیک میوه (ویتامین ث)، قند میوه، ماده خشک، درصد آب میوه، pH و Tss در سطح احتمال  %1 معنی دار بود. در این تحقیق ارقام منوچهری و پاییزه محلی دارای بیشترین کلسیم و پتاسیم و ارقام منوچهری، خان آلماسی، کوزه­ای، مشکی دارای بیشترین میزان قند میوه، اسید اسکوربیک و مواد جامد محلول بودند. بیشترین pH مربوط به رقم خان آلماسی تعلق داشت. میزان آب میوه در ارقام مختلف متفاوت بوده و در بین ارقام مورد بررسی، رقم ترش آلما کمترین آب میوه تولیدی را داشت.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Study biochemical traits of eight native apple cultivars in West Azerbaijan

نویسندگان [English]

  • Shabnam Ghohari 1
  • Abdollah Hassanzadeh Ghorttapeh 2

1 M.Sc Graduate of Agriculture Organization West Azarbijan, Urmia, Iran.

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Horticulture Crops, West Azarbaijan Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and Education Center, (AREEO) , IRAN

چکیده [English]

In this study, the quantitative and qualitative characteristics of eight native apple varieties selected from the Azerbaijan area were evaluated. The studied varieties included 8 varieties consisting of Romina, Manochehri, Meshki, Torsh Alma, Sari Alma, Khan Almasi, Kozehee and local autumn that the varieties of Torsh Alma, Sari Alma and Khan Almasi were selected as the summer cultivars, and the varieties of local autumn, Romina, Manochehri, Meshki and Kozehee were selected as autumn cultivars. This experiment was carried out in Kahriz Horticultural Research station, Urmia in the form of completely randomized blocks design with three replications. The results of data variance analysis indicated the difference between varieties in terms of quantitative and qualitative studied traits, and revealed that the impact of variety on fruit total soluble solids (TSS), fruit pH, fruit ascorbic acid content (vitamin C), and fruit tissue firmness, fruit sugar and fruit juice is significant at 1% level. In the study, the varieties of Manochehri, Khan Almasi, Kozehee and Meshki had the highest content of total soluble solids (TSS), fruit sugar, ascorbic acid content, pH and fruit juice, and were in the superior statistical group. Also, the two cultivars of Khan Almasi and Torsh Alma had the highest tissue compared to other varieties.
varieties.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Apple juice
  • calcium
  • vitamin C
  • soluble solids

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