مقایسه ریختی پنج جمعیت شاهکولی جنوبی (Alburnusmossulensis Heckel,1843)حوضه دجله با استفاده از روش خط سیر پیرامونی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری گروه شیلات، دانشکده منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه تهران، کرج، ایران

2 دانشیار/دانشگاه تهران - دانشکده منابع طبیعی - گروه شیلات

3 استادیار/گروه علوم دامی،دانشکده کشاورزی دانشگاه لرستان،لرستان،خرمآباد، ایران

چکیده

مقایســه ریختــی پنــج جمعیــت ماهیشــاهکولی جنوبــی

Alburnus mossulensis Heckel,1843 ـبا اســتفاده از روش
خط ســیر پیرامونــی بــه اجــرا در آمــد. بــرای ایــن منظــور تعــداد 219 
قطعــه ماهــی از رودخانه هــای گاماســیاب، کارون، کشــکان، خرســان و
سـپید برگ بـا اسـتفاده از الکتروشـوکر صیـد گردیـد. از نیمـرخ چـپ
تمامـی نمونه هـا عکس برداری ـو بـا اسـتفاده از نرم افـزار TpsDig2بـر
روی عکس هــا خط ســیر پیرامونــی ترســیم و ســپس بــه 150نقطــه
بــا فواصــل مســاوی بازنمونه گیــری شــدند. دادههــای خط ســیر
پیرامونـی، در نرمافـزار EFAwinبـا انتخـاب 17شـکل هارمونیـک و
ضریـب 2فوریـر مـورد آنالیـزEFAقـرار گرفتنـد و دادههایغیرشـکلی
نیزبــه روش رویهمگــذاری عمومی حــذف گردیــد. داده هــا پــس از
تبدیــل بــه فرمــت قابــل اســتفاده در نرمافزارPASTبــا اســتفاده از
آنالیزهایچندمتغیــرهPCAو MANOVA/CVAمــورد تجزیه وتحلیــل
قـرار گرفتنـد. نتایـج نشـان داد به جـز جمعیـت سـپیدبرگ بیـن شـکل
بــدن ســایر جمعیت هــا تفاوت های آمــاری معنــی داری وجــود دارد
(P<0/05).برایــن اســاس جمعیتهــای گاماســیاب وســپیدبرگ بــا


داشــتن بدنی دوکی شــکل و جمعیــت رودخانه هــای کشــکان، کارون و
خرســان نیــز به واســطه ســاقه دمی کوتاه ترقابل تفکیک بودنــد. مطالعــه
ی حاضــر بــه خوبــی قابلیــت اســتفاده از ریخت ســنجی هندســی
(خط ســیر پیرامونــی) را بــرای تمایــز جمعیت های مختلــف شــاه کولی
جنوبـی تاییـد کـرد

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Morphological comparison of five populations of Mosul bleak (Alburnus mossulensis) in the Tigris basin using Elliptic Fourier Analysis

نویسندگان [English]

  • Shghaiegh Hasanpour 1
  • Soheil Eagderi 2
  • Manouchehr Nasri 3

1 PhD student, Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Natural resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran

2 Associate Professor / University of Tehran - Faculty of Natural Resources - Fisheries Department

3 Assistant Professor/Department of Animal Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Lorestan University, Khoramabad, Iran.

چکیده [English]

The morphological comparison of five populations of Mosul bleak (Alburnus mossulensis Heckel, 1843) was done using Elliptic Fourier analysis. For this porpose a total of 219
specimens were caught from Tigris basin (Gamasiab, Karoon, Kashkan, Khersan and Sepidbarg Rivers) using electrofishing. The fish were photographed from left sides using a digital
camera and the outline curve was digitized using TpsDig2 software and resampled to 150
equal distanced landmarks. The outline curveswere converted to a readable file format for
EPA analysis using EFAWIN software and EFA analysis was done opting 17 shape harmonics
with 2 constants and four coefficients per harmonic and non-shapeddata were removed
usin general Procrustes analysis. The principal component analysis (PCA) and Manova/CVA
were used for morphological comparison in PAST software. The results showed significant
shape differences between populations but Sepidbarg population (pand Sepidbarg populations were distinguishable having a fusiform shapedbody and the
other three other populationswere distinguishable based on a shorter caudal peduncles.
The present study proved the potential of the geometric morphometrics (outline curves)
for recognizing various populations of the Mosul bleak.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Biodiversity
  • Geometric morphometrics
  • Inland water basins
  • Inland water fishes
  • Ichthyology
  • Morphology

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